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ML2.0装apache2.2+mysql5+php5过程  

2006-10-08 08:08:08|  分类: Linux |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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参考地址http://blog.yening.cn/2006/03/21/54.html


下面是我在MagicLinux2.0上的实现过程.

httpd-2.2.0.tar.bz2
http://apache.justdn.org/httpd/httpd-2.2.0.tar.bz2

mysql-max-5.0.19-linux-i686.tar.gz
http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.0/mysql-max-5.0.19-linux-i686.tar.gz/from/http://mirror.vmmatrix.net/mysql/

php-5.1.2.tar.bz2
http://cn.php.net/get/php-5.1.2.tar.bz2/from/this/mirror

ZendOptimizer-3.0.0Beta3-linux-glibc21-i386.tar.gz
http://downloads.zend.com/optimizer/3.0.0Beta3/ZendOptimizer-3.0.0Beta3-linux-glibc21-i386.tar.gz

下载上面4个文件,放到/usr/src中,下面都以root执行.
1,
编译安装 Apache 2.2
cd /usr/src
bzip2 -d httpd-2.2.0.tar.bz2
tar -xvf httpd-2.2.0.tar
cd httpd-2.2.0

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --enable-so--enable-auth-digest
--enable-rewrite --enable-setenvif --enable-mime-enable-headers

make
make install
ln -s /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl /usr/local/bin
ln -s /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf /etc/httpd.conf
mv /usr/local/apache2/htdocs /var/www

<----下面修改httpd.conf的部分和实际的操作有一点点出入,此时可以略过,装过PHP后还要修改这个文件,本文最后有个完整httpd.conf的档案,当然这里的修改也可以对照着文末的httpd.conf来修改---->
修改 /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
# 修改文档根目录到 /var/www

DocumentRoot "/var/www"
# 配置 /var/www 目录的权限

Options Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

# 默认首页添加 index.htm index.php
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php

测试
shell> apachectl start
打开浏览器,输入http(s)://SERVERIP/,都能看到 It works! 说明 Apache安装成功..


2.
安装 MySQL 5
cd /usr/src
tar -xzvf mysql-max-5.0.19-linux-i686.tar.gz
mv mysql-max-5.0.19-linux-i686 /usr/local/mysql
cd /usr/local/mysql
groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
chown -R root .
chown -R mysql data
chgrp -R mysql .
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe /usr/local/bin
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/local/bin

测试:
shell> mysqld_safe --user=mysql &
shell> mysql
屏幕出现 mysql> 提示,说明MySQL安装成功

3.
编译安装 PHP 5

cd /usr/src
bzip2 -d php-5.1.2.tar.bz2
tar -xvf php-5.1.2.tar
cd php-5.1.2
注意下面每一行的反斜杠前有个空格,反斜杠的后面紧根回车,斜杠后不能有空格
./configure --prefix=/usr/local \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/apache2/conf \
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs \
--enable-ftp --enable-sockets \
--enable-mbstring \
--with-gettext \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock \
--enable-zend-multibyte
注意在编译PHP的时候有很多的参数要设置,在下面的附图中的象--with-png-dir等在上面的编译过程中没有列出的参数,php编绎时自动将其路径指向了/usr/local下的库,但是magiclinux并没有把这些库放在/usr/local下,一般放在了/usr下的lib文件夹中,故在编绎时把附图中的那些参数都加上,并将路径改为/usr,象这样--with-png-dir=/usr就行.

make
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/apache2/conf/php.ini
ln -s /usr/local/apache2/conf/php.ini /etc/php.ini

配置
打开
/usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf ,
加入
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
注意前两行:
.php前有个空格,.phps前也有个空格,这是APACHE的格式要求
这是让APACHE将.php扩展名的文件解析成php文件.
将 .phps 扩展名的文件设置成显示高亮的 PHP 源文件


4.
安装 ZendOptimizer
cd /usr/src
tar -xzvf ZendOptimizer-3.0.0Beta3-linux-glibc21-i386.tar.gz
cd ZendOptimizer-3.0.0Beta3-linux-glibc21-i386
./install.sh
当屏幕提示输入 php.ini的路径时,将屏幕上给出的路径/etc,换成php.ini文件所在的地方,即:
/usr/local/apache2/conf/
安装程序会自动关闭 WebServer,安装完毕后会帮你再启动.

5
测试,配置Apache和MySQL自动启动.经过漫长的等待,激动人心的一刻终于来了。
先让APACHE运行起来,确信将httpd.conf修改好之后,运行
/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start

# 创建一个php文件

shell> echo '<?php phpinfo()?>' >/var/www/htdocs/tt.php
打开浏览器,输入 http://127.0.0.1/tt.php
就可以看到浏览器提供的关于MagicLinux,Apache,Mysql,Php的信息,下面附上图片.

还要注意几点:
1,当把自己写的主页放到/var/www/htdocs中时,将主页的扩展名改成.php(如index.php),这样放在主页文件(如index.php)里面的php代码就能正常显示出应有的效果了,不然php代码会被忽略掉。
2,如果发现页面文件在流览器上不能显示,可以去看看你的那个页面文件的属性,它的属性应该设成其它用户可以读.这样WEB流览器才可以访问的到.


6.
最后,用vi编辑 /etc/rc.local文件,让Apache和MySQL在系统启动的时候自动启动
/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &


7.
现在附上我的httpd.conf的源文件,对照着刚装完APACHE时还没修改过的httpd.conf就可以知道哪些地方动过了.

#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file. Itcontains the
# configuration directives that give the server itsinstructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2> for detailedinformation.
# In particular, see
#<URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here withoutunderstanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you areunsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify formany
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" forWin32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not*begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so"logs/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/apache2" will be interpretedby the
# server as "/usr/local/apache2/logs/foo.log".

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which theserver's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path. If youpoint
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFiledirective
# at a local disk. If you wish to share the same ServerRoot formultiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile andPidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache2"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addressesand/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the<VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown belowto
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was builtas a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this locationso the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ theyare used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do notneed
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
#

<IfModule !mpm_winnt_module>
<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you mustrun
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpdas.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and groupfor
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User daemon
Group daemon
</IfModule>
</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled bya
# <VirtualHost> definition. These values also providedefaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in thefile.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost>containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden forthe
# virtual host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server shouldbe
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages,such
# as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin you@example.com

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses toidentify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend youspecify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IPaddress here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serveyour
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from thisdirectory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to otherlocations.
#
DocumentRoot "/var/www/htdocs"

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured withrespect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled inthat
# directory (and its subdirectories).
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive setof
# features.
#
<Directory />
Options Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specificallyallow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not workingas
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabledit
# below.
#

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
#
<Directory "/var/www/htdocs">
#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None","All",
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGIMultiViews
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "OptionsAll"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Pleasesee
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
#
Options Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks MultiViews

#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccessfiles.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of thekeywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride All

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if adirectory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files frombeing
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a<VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host willbe
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a<VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and nothere.
#
ErrorLog logs/error_log

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to theerror_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error,crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for usewith
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\"\"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

<IfModule logio_module>
# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\"\"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
</IfModule>

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common LogfileFormat).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a<VirtualHost>
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you*do*
# define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions willbe
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
CustomLog logs/access_log common

#
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and refererinformation
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the followingdirective.
#
#CustomLog logs/access_log combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
#
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that usedto
# exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. Theclient
# will make a new request for the document at its newlocation.
# Example:
# Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the serverwill
# require it to be present in the URL. You will also likely
# need to provide a <Directory> section to allow accessto
# the filesystem path.

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain serverscripts.
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, exceptthat
# documents in the target directory are treated as applicationsand
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent tothe
# client. The same rules about trailing "/" apply toScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin/"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
#
# ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to theUNIX
# socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
#
#Scriptsock logs/cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever yourScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/usr/local/apache2/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for adocument
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filenameextensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents,"text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such asapplications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" insteadto
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though theyare
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mime_module>
#
# TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappingsfrom
# filename extension to MIME-type.
#
TypesConfig conf/mime.types

#
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIMEconfiguration
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
#
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers supportthis.
#
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
#
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, thenyou
# probably should define those extensions to indicate mediatypes:
#
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to"handlers":
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into theserver
# or added with the Action directive (see below)
#
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
# (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options"directive.)
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

# For files that include their own HTTP headers:
#AddHandler send-as-is asis

# For server-parsed imagemap files:
#AddHandler imap-file map

# For type maps (negotiated resources):
#AddHandler type-map var

#
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to theclient.
#
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
# (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options"directive.)
#
#AddType text/html .shtml
#AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hintsfrom the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. TheMIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions arelocated.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files. This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be
# included to add extra features or to modify the defaultconfiguration of
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and changeas
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
# starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/randomequivalent
# but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>


到这里就全部结束了.



 

文章引用自: http://www.linuxfans.org/nuke/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&t=150736&highlight=mysql
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